Definitions

Biological effects

RF EMF have negative effects as they interfere with biological, chemical and electrical systems in living organisms. The “strength” of those fields (the power density) is expressed in W/m2 (Watt per square meter). 1 W/m2 = 1,000 mW/m2 = 1,000,000 µW/m2

0.000000000001 mW/m2 (0.000000001 µW/m2)
Altered genetic structure in E. Coli (Belyaev 1996)

0.00000001 mW/m2 (0.00001 µW/m2)
Altered EEG in human subjects (Bise 1978)

0.00005 mW/m2 (0.05 µW/m2)
Effect on cell growth in yeast (Grundler 1992)

0.001 mW/m2 (1 µW/m2)
No observable effect on humans (BIOINITIATIVE 2012)

0.003 mW/m2 (3 µW/m2)
The total amount of energy received by the Earth at ground level from the Sun (IARC, Non-ionizing Radiation, PDF document page 42)

0.027 mW/m2 (27 µW/m2)
Smaller tree growth rings (Balodis 1996)

0.096 mW/m2 (96 µW/m2)
Correlation with diabetes in schoolchildren (Meo 2015)

1 mW/m2 (1 000 µW/m2)
Increase in melatonin in cows (Stark 1997)

1.68 mW/m2 (1 680 µW/m2)
Irreversible sterility in mice (Magras 1997)

2 mW/m2 (2 000 µW/m2)
Childhood leukemia near transmitters (Hocking 1996)

3 mW/m2 (3 000 µW/m2)
Impaired motor function, reaction time, memory and attention of schoolchildren, and altered sex ratio of children (fewer boys) (Kolodynski 1996)

25 mW/m2 (25 000 µW/m2)
Breakdown of blood-brain barrier (Salford 1997)

50 mW/m2 (50 000 µW/m2)
Biochemical and histological changes in liver, heart, kidney, and brain tissue (Belokrinitskiy l982)

100 mW/m2 (100 000 µW/m2)
Damaged mitochondria, nucleus of cells in hippocampus of brain (Belokrinitskiy l982)

100 mW/m2 (100 000 µW/m2)
Redistribution of metals in the lungs, brain, heart, liver, kidney, muscles, spleen, bones, skin, blood (Shutenko 1981)

10,000 mW/m2 (10,000,000 µW/m2)
EU recommended limit (Recommendation 1999/519/EC appendix 3)

500,000 mW/m2 for 30 minutes (500,000,000 µW/m2)
Warming up 1°C of one litre of water (1998 ICNIRP guidelines p. 509, although value 4 W/kg can not be converted to mW/m2, we show an approximative calculation)


See much more in Radio Wave Packet and Bioinitiative Color Chart.

Summary on oxidative stress: Newsletter Special Issue January 2021

New studies on EMF: https://www.emfdata.org/en/start

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